Leçons de niveau 2

Anglais/Grammaire/Conjugaison/Annexe/Verbes forts

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Liste des verbes forts
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Annexe 1
Leçon : Conjugaison anglaise

Annexe de niveau 2.

Précédent :Sommaire
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En raison de limitations techniques, la typographie souhaitable du titre, « Annexe : Liste des verbes forts
Anglais/Grammaire/Conjugaison/Annexe/Verbes forts
 », n'a pu être restituée correctement ci-dessus.




Malgré le fait que les règles de la conjugaison anglaise soient relativement simples, il faut tout de même savoir qu’il existe une grande quantité de verbes irréguliers dont il faut apprendre par cœur les formes au participe passé et au prétérit. On pourra pour cela se référer au tableau ci-dessous.

Liste de verbes[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

A à E[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Infinitif Participe passé Preterit Traduction
abide abode abode demeurer
arise arisen arose surgir
awake awakened / awoke awakened / awoke se réveiller
backslide backslidden / backslid backslid récidiver
be been was, were être
bear born / borne bore (sup)porter
beat beaten / beat beat battre
become become became devenir
begin begun began commencer
bend bent bent se courber
bet bet / betted bet / betted parier
bid bid / bidden bid / bade ordonner, dire, faire une offre
bind bound bound lier
bite bitten bit mordre
bleed bled bled saigner, purger
blow blown blew souffler, gonfler
break broken broke casser
breed bred bred engendrer / élever
bring brought brought apporter
broadcast broadcast / broadcasted broadcast / broadcasted diffuser
browbeat browbeat / browbeaten browbeat intimider
build built built construire
burn burned / burnt burned / burnt brûler
burst burst burst éclater
bust bust / busted bust / busted démanteler, arrêter
buy bought bought acheter
cast cast cast jeter
catch caught caught attraper
choose chosen chose choisir
cling clung clung s'accrocher
clothe clad / clothed clad / clothed habiller / recouvrir
come come came venir
cost cost cost coûter
creep crept crept ramper
crossbreed crossbred crossbred croiser (élevage)
cut cut cut couper
daydream daydreamed / daydreamt daydreamed / daydreamt rêvasser
deal dealt dealt échanger
dig dug dug creuser
disprove disproved / disproven disproved réfuter
dive dived dived / dove (US) plonger
do done did faire
draw drawn drew dessiner, tirer
dream dreamed / dreamt dreamed / dreamt rêver
drink drunk drank boire
drive driven drove conduire
dwell dwelled / dwelt dwelled / dwelt habiter
eat eaten ate manger

F à J[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Infinitif Participe passé Passé simple Traduction
fall fallen fell tomber
feed fed fed nourrir
feel felt felt se sentir / ressentir
fight fought fought se battre
find found found trouver
fit fit / fitted fit / fitted aller (pas dans l’idée de mouvement)
flee fled fled s'enfuir
fling flung flung lancer
fly flown flew voler (avion ..)
forbid forbidden forbade interdire
forecast forecast forecast prévoir
forego foregone forewent renoncer à
foresee foreseen foresaw prévoir
foretell foretold foretold prédire
forget forgot / forgotten forgot oublier
forgive forgiven forgave pardonner
forsake forsaken forsook abandonner
freeze frozen froze geler
frostbite frostbitten frostbit congeler
get got / gotten got obtenir
give given gave donner
go gone went aller
grind ground ground rectifier
grow grown grew pousser / grandir
hand-feed hand-fed hand-fed Nourrir à la main
handwrite handwrote handwritten écrire à la main
hang hung hung tenir
have had had avoir
hear heard heard entendre
hew hewed / hewn hewed tailler
hide hidden hid cacher
hit hit hit taper / appuyer
hold held held tenir
hurt hurt hurt blesser
inbreed inbred inbred se reproduire entre soi
inlay inlaid inlaid incruster
input input / inputted input / inputted saisir
interbreed interbred interbred croiser
interweave interweaved / interwoven interweaved / interwove entremêler
interwind interwound interwound
jerry-build jerry-built jerry-built

K à O[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Infinitif Participe passé Passé simple Traduction
keep kept kept garder
kneel kneeled / knelt kneeled / knelt s'agenouiller
knit knit / knitted knit / knitted tricoter
know known knew connaître
lay laid laid poser
lead led led mener
lean leaned / leant leaned / leant s'accoter, s'appuyer, accoter, s'adosser, se pencher, pencher, appuyer
leaped leaped / leapt leaped / leapt
learn learned / learnt learned / learnt apprendre
leave left left quitter
lend leant leant prêter
let let let laisser
lie lain lay s'allonger
light lighted / lit lighted / lit allumer
lip-read lip-read lip-read
lose lost lost perdre
make made made fabriquer
mean meant meant signifier
meet met met rencontrer
miscast miscast miscast
misdeal misdealt misdealt
misdo misdone misdid
mishear misheard misheard
mislay mislaid mislaid égarer
mislead misled misled induire en erreur
mislearn mislearned / mislearnt mislearned / mislearnt
misread misread misread mal interpréter
misset misset misset
misspeak misspoken misspoke
misspell misspelt misspelt
mistake mistaken mistook se méprendre
misteach mistaught mistaught
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood mal comprendre
miswrite miswritten miswrote
mow mowed / mown mowed tondre le gazon
offset offset offset compenser
outbid outbid outbid enchérir sur
outbreed outbred outbred
outdo outdone outdid distancer, surpasser, battre, dépasser
outdraw outdrawn outdrew
outdrink outdrunk outdrank
outdrive outdriven outdrove
outfight outfought outfought
outfly outflown outflew
outgrow outgrown outgrew
outleap outleaped / outleapt outleaped / outleapt
outride outridden outrode
outrun outrun outran
outsell outsold outsold
outshine outshined / outshone outshined / outshone
outshoot outshot outshot
outsing outsung outsang
outsit outsat outsat
outsleep outslept outslept
outsmell outsmelt outsmelt
outspeak outspoken outspoke
outspeed outsped outsped
outspend outspent outspent
outswear outsworn outswore
outswim outswum outswam
outthink outthought outthought
outthrow outhrown outthrew
outwrite outwritten outwrote
overbid overbid overbid
overbreed overbred overbred
overbuild overbuilt overbuilt
overbuy overbought overbought
overcome overcome overcame surmonter
overdo overdone overdid exagérer
overdraw overdrawn overdrew
overdrink overdrunk overdrank
overeat overeaten overate
overfeed overfed overfed
overhang overhung overhung surplomber
overhear overheard overheard surprendre
overlay overlaid overlaid
overpay overpaid overpaid
overide overidden overrode
overrun overrun overran
oversee overseen oversaw surveiller
oversell oversold oversold
oversew oversewn / oversewed oversewed
overshoot overshot overshot dépasser
oversleep overslept overslept
overspeak overspoken overspoke
overspend overspent overspent
overspill overspilled / overspilt overspilled / overspilt
overtake overtaken overtook
overthink overthought overthought
overthrow overthrown overthrew
overwind overwound overwound
overwrite overwritten overwrote

P à R[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

preterit Participe passé Passé simple Traduction
partake partaken partook prendre part
pay paid paid payer
plead pleaded / pled pleaded / pled supplier / plaider
preset preset preset programmer
proofread proofread proofread corriger les épreuves de
prove proved / proven proved prouver / se révéler
put put put mettre
quit quit / quitted quit / quitted quitter
read read read lire
relay relaid relaid relayer
reset reset reset
retread retread retread
rid rid rid débarrasser
ride ridden rode
rise risen rose lever
roughcast roughcast roughcast
run run ran courir

S à Z[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Infinitif Participe passé Passé simple Traduction
see seen saw voir
seek sought sought rechercher
shut shut shut fermer
sight-read sight-read sight-read déchiffrer
sing sung sang chanter
sink sunk sank / sunk couler
sit sat sat s'asseoir
slay slain / slayed slayed / slew tuer
sleep slept slept dormir
slide slid slid glisser
slink slinked / slunk slinked / slunk s'en aller furtivement
slit slit slit inciser
smell smelled / smelt smelled / smelt sentir
sneak sneaked / snuck sneaked / snuck faucher, piquer
sow sowed / sown sowed semer
speak spoken spoke parler
speed sped / speeded sped / speeded aller vite
spell spelled / spelt spelled / spelt épeler
spend spent spent dépenser / passer du temps
spill spilled / spilt spilled / spilt renverser
spin spun spun
spit spat / spit spat / spit
split split split
spoil spoiled / spoilt spoiled / spoilt abîmer
spoon-feed spoon-fed spoon-fed
spread spread spread répendre
spring sprung sprang / sprung
stand stood stood
steal stolen stole voler
stick stuck stuck coller
sting stung stung pîquer
stink stunk stank / stunk empester
strew strewed / strewn strewed
stride stridden strode avancer à grands pas
strike stricken / stuck struck frapper
string strung strung
strive strived / striven striven / strove s'efforcer
sublet sublet sublet sous-louer
surburn sunburned / sunburnt sunburned / sunburnt
swear sworn swore
sweat sweat / sweated sweat / sweated suer
sweep swept swept balayer
swell swelled / swollen swelled / swollen gonfler
swim swum swam nager
swing swung swung se balancer
take taken took prendre
teach taught taught enseigner
tear torn tore
telecast telecast telecast télédiffuser
tell told told dire
test-drive test-driven test-drove
test-fly test-flown test-flew essayer
think thought thought penser
throw thrown threw lancer / jeter
thrust thrust thrust pousser / enfoncer
tread trod / trodden trod
typecast typecast typecast
typeset typeset typeset composer
typewrite typewritten typewrote
unbend unbent unbent s'assouplir
unbind unbound unbound
unclothe unclad / unclothed unclad / unclothed
underbid underbid underbid
undercut undercut undercut amoindrir
underfeed underfed underfed
undergo undergone underwent subir
underlie underlain underlay
undersell undersold undersold
underspend underspent underspent
understand understood understood comprendre
undertake undertaken undertook se charger de / entreprendre
underwrite underwritten underwrote garantir
undo undone undid annuler
unfreeze unfrozen unfroze
unhang unhung unhung
unhide unhidden unhid
unknit unknit / unknitted unknit / unknitted
unlearn unlearnt unlearnt
unsew unsewed / unsewn unsewed
unsling unslung unslung
unspin unspun unspun
unstick unstuck unstuck décoller
unstring unstrung unstrung détendre
unweave unweaved / unwoven unweaved / unwove détisser
unwind unwound unwound dérouler
uphold unheld upheld faire respecter
upset upset upset renverser
wake waked / woken waked / woke réveiller
waylay waylaid waylaid attaquer, tendre un piège
wear worn wore porter (avoir sur soi)
weave weaved / woven weaved / wove tisser / se faufiler
wed wed / wedded wed / wedded épouser
weep wept wept pleurer
wet wet / wetted wet / wetted mouiller
win won won gagner
wind wound wound enrouler
withdraw withdrawn withdrew retirer
withhold withheld withheld retenir
withstand withstood withstood résister à
wring wrung wrung tordre
write written wrote écrire