Transmutations by electro-biological collapse is an hypothesis to try to explain all aspects of biological transmutations.
This hypothesis could explain biological transmutations from the works of several researchers (Louis Kervran, Olivier Costa de Beauregard, Lewis Larsen et Allan Widom, S.V. Adamenko et Vladimir I. Vysotskii).
It is mainly based on the properties of DNA and proteins, the reactions between protons and neutrinos, the transmutations by electron pressure and the collapse of nucleus under a pressure of electrons.
A proposed experimentation could evaluate this hypothesys.
Collapse hypothesis for biological transmutation[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
This hypothesis could explain biological transmutations from the work of several researchers (Louis Kervran, Olivier Costa de Beauregard, Lewis Larsen and Allan Widom, S.V. Adamenko and Vladimir I. Vysotskii).
It is especially based on the properties of the DNA and proteins, the reactions between protons and neutrinos, and the transmutations by overpressure of electrons and nuclear collapse.
Hypothesis from precursors[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
From the work of several researchers, it seems that a new hypothesis could explain the biological transmutations :
- In 1975, Louis Kervran has explained the work of several researchers and characterized this scientific field.
- In 1978, Solomon Goldfein suggested magnesium adenosine triphosphate (MgATP) would explain both the reactions can be caused by biological organisms, and provide the initial impetus to this process.
- In 1975, Olivier Costa de Beauregard proposed reactions between proton and neutrino to explain the amount of energy required for reactions ( p 285 à 298).
- In 1994, Vladimir I. Vysotskii proposed the hypothesis that the Coulomb barrier may be reduced or canceled in condensed matter ; and in 2011 he has experienced a growing biological environment multiply the probability of transmutation.
- In 2009, Allan Widom and Lewis Larsen presented a hypothesis of transmutation in 4 steps from the hydrogen which would explain the mechanism and energy transfer reactions and how chemical reactions can interface with nuclear reactions,.
- In 2003, S.V. Adamenko and Vladimir I. Vysotskii discovered the process of transmutation by electron pressure and electro-nuclear collapse, which could explain that chemical elements other than hydrogen may fuse or fission in the biological transmutations.
Process of collapse in biological transmutations[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
The biological transmutations would based on the following process:
- The energy of accelerated electrons and the arrangement of atoms surrounding select the transmutation reaction which is going to happen.
- The electromagnetic pressure becomes sufficient to bring electrons and protons (Widom-Larsen,).
- The presence of condensed matter environment and of biological deformation of surrounding molécules promotes the reduction of Coulomb barrier (Vysotskii,).
- Electrons, protons and neutrinos interact in several steps (Widom-Larsen).
- One or two atoms arrive in a state of collapse where the atoms lose their classical structures (Vysotskii).
- They transmute, fission, fuse, or exchange nucleons, and produce only stable isotopes (Kervran).
- Thanks the selection of biological evolution, the reactions produce no detectable radiation (Kervran).
- The only energy exchanges take place through neutrinos and low thermal effects, non-invasive for cell (Kervran, Costa ( p 285 à 298), Widom-Larsen).
Collapse under hight pressure[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
The same phenomenon seems to appear in various forms, reinforcing this hypothesis :
- Louis Kervran had studied and published "Evidence in Geology Transmutations low energy" where ambient pressures are very high.
- Solomon Goldfein suggested the adenosine triphosphate of magnesium (MgATP) to provide initial pulse of the process by which a stack of MgATP where each element accelerates a bit of a proton from hydrogen.
- The collapse under hight pressure of electrons experienced by Visotskii, en 2003.
- The hypothesis from Widom-Larsen that requires "heavy" electrons, with enough energy to cause the first of three or four neutrino reactions. If the third give a non-radioactive isotope, it is compatible with biological transmutations.
- The sonofusion by cavitation where a liquid surface is projected on the center of a sphere and it creates tremendous pressure causing nuclear fusions.
Biological characterization[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
In biology, this collapse would be characterized as :
- he would favor a single reaction from one or two nucleus to one or two other,
- just strong enough to cause a collapse,
- just strong enough to cause the collapse chosen and not another,
- just weak enough to act only on one or two atoms,
- just weak enough not to disperse the atoms.
Evaluation of collapse hypothesis[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
To begin to test this hypothesis, and its possible validity in biological situation, we could :
- With existing collapse equipment, or slightly improved,
- To reduce gradually the energy of electrons, initially of 0.5 MeV,
- Until a collapse of a lightweight aggregate, a small number of atoms.
- To Estimate the energy for a reaction between a small number of atoms.
- To Estimate by extrapolating from experimental conditions to the biological conditions :
- * The electron energy required for a reaction between 1 or 2 atoms ;
- * The probability of formation of packets adequate to the biological conditions ;
- * The compatibility with previous hypothesis (MgATP, Costa, Larsen, Widom, collapse)
Notes and references[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
- Preuves en Biologie de Transmutations à Faible Énergie, Louis C. Kervran, Paris 1975, Maloine, ISBN 2-224-00178-9.
- anglais Solomon Goldfein, Energy Development From Elemental Transmutations In Biological Systems, U.S. Army Mobility Equipment Research & Development Command, Ft. Belvoir, VA, Report 2247, May 1978
- anglais [pdf] Vysotskii V. I., Conditions and mechanism of nonbarrier double-particle fusion in potential pit in crystals, Proceedings of Forth International Conference on Cold Fusion, Vol. 4, 1994, pp. 20.2–20.5
- anglais [pdf] Vysotskii V. I., Kornilova A. A.,Low-energy Nuclear Reactions and Transmutation of Stable and Radioactive Isotopes in Growing Biological Systems, Experiments and Methods in Cold Fusion, Journal of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, vol 4, p. 146–160, février 2011
- anglais Lewis Larsen, Allan Widom, Steven B. Krivit, 13. Widom-Larsen Theory Simplified, New Energy Times, 25 juin 2009
- anglais [pdf] Lewis Larsen, Allan Widom, Steven B. Krivit, Special Report : Cold Fusion Is Neither, New Energy Times, 30 juillet 2010, num #35
- anglais S.V. Adamenko and Vladimir I. Vysotskii, Experimental observation and a possible way to the create anomalous isotopes and stable superheavy nuclei via electron-nucleus collapse, Electrodynamics Laboratory “Proton-21”, Kiev, Ukraine, 2003, Cambridge, MA: LENR-CANR.org